How Do Farmers Kill Moles: [Comprehensive Guide]

Farmers can kill moles using traps, poisons, or fumigation methods, but prevention and control are equally important to keep these pesky critters at bay.

Moles are a common problem for farmers. These small, burrowing mammals can cause significant damage to crops, gardens, and even pastureland.

Mole tunnels can undermine the soil, creating holes and mounds that can make it difficult to plant crops or graze livestock.

In addition, moles can attract other pests, such as voles and gophers, which can further damage crops and property.

If you’re a farmer dealing with a mole problem, you may be wondering how to get rid of these pesky critters.

In this article, we’ll explore some of the most effective ways farmers kill moles and keep their crops and property safe.

Methods of Killing Moles

There are several methods farmers use to kill moles, including:

  1. Traps
  2. Poisons
  3. Fumigation


Trapping is one of the most popular methods of killing moles. Farmers use a variety of traps, including:

  • Box traps
  • Scissor traps
  • Harpoon traps

Box traps are the most humane option, as they allow you to catch and release the mole alive. Scissor and harpoon traps are designed to kill the mole quickly and humanely.

To use a trap, you’ll need to identify an active mole tunnel.

You can do this by flattening the tunnel and checking it the next day to see if it has been repaired.

Once you’ve identified an active tunnel, place the trap in the tunnel and cover it with soil.

Check the trap regularly, and dispose of any dead moles in accordance with local regulations.


Poisoning is another method farmers use to kill moles.

However, it’s important to note that many mole poisons are also toxic to other animals, including pets and livestock.

If you choose to use a poison, make sure you select a product that is specifically labeled for use against moles and follow the instructions carefully.

When using a mole poison, you’ll need to identify an active mole tunnel and place the poison in the tunnel.

Make sure the poison is well-concealed, as moles are wary creatures and may avoid obvious baits.

Check the tunnel regularly to see if the poison has been taken, and dispose of any dead moles in accordance with local regulations.


Fumigation is a more extreme method of killing moles and is typically only used in cases where other methods have failed.

To fumigate a mole tunnel, you’ll need to use a gas fumigant, such as aluminum phosphide.

This gas is highly toxic and should only be used by trained professionals.

To fumigate a mole tunnel, you’ll need to identify the location of the tunnel and seal off any other entrances or exits.

Once the tunnel is sealed, insert the fumigant and allow it to take effect.

After a few days, open the tunnel and check for any dead moles. Dispose of any dead moles in accordance with local regulations.

Prevention and Control

While killing moles is one way to deal with a mole problem, prevention and control are equally important.

Here are some tips to help you keep moles away from your property:

  • Maintain a healthy lawn: Moles prefer to burrow in moist, loose soil, so keeping your lawn healthy and well-drained can help discourage them.
  • Eliminate food sources: Moles feed on grubs and other insects, so controlling these pests can help reduce their presence on your property.
  • Use barriers: Physical barriers, such as wire mesh or gravel, can be used to prevent moles from burrowing in specific areas.
  • Plant repellent plants: Certain plants, such as daffodils and alliums, are known to repel moles.
  • Get a cat: Cats are natural predators of moles and can help keep their population in check.

Before You Go

We have several other articles that provide useful tips and techniques for eliminating ground moles – everything from natural remedies to commercial products.

Be sure to check out our category on eliminating ground moles for more information to help you get rid of the moles damaging your lawn and garden.

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