The 8 common mushrooms found in Iowa are the Morel, Chanterelle, Shaggy Mane, Puffball, Oyster, and Hen of the Woods, Destroying Angel and the Chicken Mushroom.
In Iowa, there are several types of mushrooms that are commonly found in the wild. It is important to be cautious when foraging for mushrooms, as some types can be poisonous and it can be difficult to distinguish between edible and non-edible species.
If you are unsure about a mushroom, it is best to leave it be and seek expert advice.
One type of mushroom that is commonly found in Iowa is the Morel mushroom. These mushrooms have a unique, spongy appearance and are often sought after for their delicious flavor. They can be found in wooded areas, particularly near oak and ash trees, and have a season that typically runs from April to May.
Morel mushrooms have a honeycomb-like appearance due to the ridges and pits on their caps, which can range in color from tan to dark brown. They have a hollow stem and a spongy texture, and their flavor is often described as nutty or earthy.
Morel mushrooms can be used in a variety of dishes, such as omelets, soups, and pasta.
Another common mushroom in Iowa is the Chanterelle. These mushrooms have a distinctive, trumpet-shaped cap and a slightly fruity smell. They can be found in deciduous forests and are often used in cooking due to their flavorful, slightly spicy taste.
Chanterelles have a golden-yellow color and a smooth, wavy cap. They have a meaty texture and are often used in sauces, soups, and sautéed dishes.
3.Shaggy Mane Mushrooms
Shaggy Mane mushrooms are another type of mushroom that is commonly found in Iowa. These mushrooms get their name from their shaggy, white caps and are often found in lawns, meadows, and pastures. They are edible, but their taste is not highly prized. Shaggy Mane mushrooms have a cylindrical cap that is white or light brown in color and a stem that is white and smooth.
As they mature, the cap begins to peel away from the stem and the edges of the cap become ragged, giving them their shaggy appearance. They have a mild, slightly sweet flavor and a tender texture.
Puffballs are another type of mushroom that can be found in Iowa. These mushrooms have a round or pear-shaped appearance and can range in size from small to large. They are typically white or cream-colored and can be found in grassy areas. Puffballs are edible, but it is important to make sure that they are fully mature before consuming them, as immature puffballs can be poisonous.
When cut open, mature puffballs should be solid and white inside. If the interior is yellow, brown, or has any type of spore mass or stem, the mushroom is not edible. Puffballs have a bland, spongy texture and are often used in soups or breaded and fried.
The Oyster mushroom is another type of mushroom that is commonly found in Iowa. These mushrooms get their name from their oyster-shaped caps and are typically found growing on trees or logs.
They have a delicate, seafood-like flavor and are often used in cooking. Oyster mushrooms have a gray or brown, fan-shaped cap and a white stem.
6.Hen of the Woods Mushrooms
Another type of mushroom that can be found in Iowa is the Hen of the Woods mushroom. These mushrooms have a unique, ruffled appearance and are typically found growing at the base of oak trees.
They have a meaty texture and are often used in soups and stews. Hen of the Woods mushrooms have a grey or brown, frilly cap and a short, white stem. They have a strong, earthy flavor and are often used in dishes that require a long cooking time to allow their flavors to fully develop.
Other Mushrooms Found in Iowa
In addition to these common mushrooms, Iowa is home to several other types of fungi, including the poisonous Destroying Angel and the edible Chicken Mushroom.
The Destroying Angel is a white mushroom that can be found in wooded areas and is extremely poisonous. It is important to avoid consuming this mushroom, as it can cause severe illness or death.
The Chicken Mushroom, on the other hand, is a small, yellow or orange mushroom that is found on the ground in wooded areas. It has a delicate, chicken-like flavor and is often used in soups and stews.
There are many types of mushrooms that can be found in Iowa, ranging from the delicious Morel and Chanterelle to the poisonous Destroying Angel. It is important to be cautious and knowledgeable when foraging for mushrooms in the wild, as some types can be poisonous and it is often difficult to distinguish between edible and non-edible species.
Whether you are an experienced mushroom hunter or a beginner, it is important to seek expert advice if you are unsure about a mushroom. With the proper knowledge and caution, mushroom hunting can be a fun and rewarding hobby in Iowa.